The Different Types of Mice


Mice (plural of mouse) are a small animal with small round ears and scaly tail which is found almost everywhere. Some people also keep the mouse as pet as well. The mouse is found in almost every corner of the world. No matter where you look for it, you will find mice everywhere like in the field, or in sever, or in house, or perhaps at a restaurant, you will find mice everywhere. Mice usually are known to make holes in the cloth and other things they could lay their hands on. They are in search of food and are also known to carry diseases along with them. But all these mice are not the same. There are many types of mouse in this world which are classified as follows.

The house mouse

The most common type of mouse find is the house mouse. This mouse usually lives in the house, away from your eyes and is very small in size. The color of this mouse is usually black or dark grey and usually comes out for food. The weight of this mouse is around 0.75 oz. Its length is around 6-7 inches and it has a small head and body with it. Also the mouse is ready to breed in about 1 month from its birth. The diet of this mouse in general is grains, meat and fish. The daily food requirement of this mouse is about 0.1 Oz on food while its water requirements are about 0.05 Oz of water. The normal life span of this mouse is about 15-18 month. These kinds of mouse generally have their nests in dark areas which are within 10 to 30 feet of food and water. Also the gestation period of this mouse is only around 19 days.

The sewer rat

The sewer rat, also known as the Norway rat, which is usually found in the sewer. This rat can actually invade the house by climbing up the long pipes. The color of this rat is generally brown or brownish red. The weight of this rat is around 15 oz. Also the length of the Norway rat is around 12 to 18 inches. This rat has short ears and has an elevated towards the center body. The sewer rats are ready to breed at the age 2 to 3 months. Their gestation period is just 23 days. These rats eat anything they can lay their hands on. The daily food requirements of these rats is 1 oz while there water requirement is also 1 oz daily. The life span of these rats is about 18 months. The nests of these rats are found within 100 feet of places like sewer.

The roof rat

The roof rat, also known as black rats are excellent climbers. The roof rat prefers to build his nest on roofs and in attics where there is abundant light. The roof rat is generally black or dark grey in color. The weight of this rat is approximately around 8 oz. The length of these rats is about 13 to 17 inches. The roof rat has a thin and pointed nose with large ears and a long tail. These rats are ready to breed within 2 to 3 months of their birth. The gestation period of these rats is about 22 days. The roof rat eats almost anything. The daily food requirement of the roof rat is about 1 oz while the daily water requirement of it is 1 oz as well. The life span of a black rat is around 18 months. The nest of these rats is approximately 300 feet from rooftops.

The field mice

The field mice are a type of mice, which is commonly found in the fields. These mice are extremely curious and are of brown, black and while color with varying length of tail. Most of these mice eat almost anything. These mice are expert in hiding and come out only when they are sure that there is no danger around. They use their skin color to blend in with the surroundings and thus travel very curiously. The female mice of this kind can give birth to mice every month. The baby mice are born both blind and deaf. Within a few weeks of their birth, these mice can begin mating.

The deer mouse

The deer mouse is well known for its Hantavirus carrying abilities as it has caused many deaths in the past. The color of the deer mouse is reddish brown to golden brown and it has white feet and chest and has a dual colored tail. The weight of this mouse is between 0.5 to 1 ounce and its length is around 4 inches long. The length of its tail is about 2.5 inches. The eyes and ears of a deer mouse is large and has a small head and body. The lifespan of these mice is about 2 years. The gestation period of these mice is about 20 days while they start breeding around a month after their birth. The deer mouse eats insects, nuts, seeds, berries, etc. The nest of these rats is normally found in places like garages, barns, cars, tree roots, etc. The nest is about 30 feet from food and water source.

The wood rat

The wood rat is very fond of shining objects. The color of the wood rat is grey, brown and black. The weight of this rat is about 10 to 16 ounces. The length of this rat is around 7 inches while its tail length is about 7 inches. The rat has large ears and has a thick rounded body. The lifespan of these rats is 3 years. The gestation period of these rats is about 38 days while they get ready for breeding in about 2-3 months. The daily food intake of these rats is about 1-2 ounces while their water intake is about 1-2 ounces as well. The wood rat prefers food like insects, nuts, seeds, berries, twigs, etc. The nest of these rats is under porches or inside abandoned sheds, attics, racks, etc.

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