Rats are the rodential creatures that inhabit houses as well as jungles. Though rats may seem to look more or less same externally, there are numerous kinds of rats that are found across the world.
Through different locations, we find different kinds as well as breeds of rats. Domestic rats are the ones which exist in an array of colors, most of them have descended from the brown rat or the Rattus Norvegicus. Different rat breeds respond differently to different baits.
Domestic rats generally belong to the same species. However, you can make out the difference between the different breeds of rats by the appearance of their coat, whiskers as well as markings along with eye color and ear size. Different types of rats belong to various breeds. We will enlighten you about the different rat breeds.
The different rat breeds
Under the classification of house or domestic rats, there are the following breeds:
Norway Rat ( Rattus norvegicus)
They are also known as the Brown rats. Their life is usually that of 2-4 years. The color of the coat of the rats is brown or even dark gray color. The underside of the rat ranges from lighter brown to lighter gray color. The tail of the rat is of the same length as that of the body. The weight of the fully grown male rats is around 10-18 ounces and that of the female rats is around 8-12 ounces. The noses of the rats are blunt. Also, the ears of the rats are small and they do not reach the eyes. These rats are nocturnal dwellers and they are great swimmers. They should not be confused with muskrats.
Roof Rat ( Rattus rattus)
They can be called by different names like the House Rat or the Ship Rat or even the Black Rat. They weigh around 5-10 ounces. The body color of the rats can be black or light brown or even dark brown. The belly of the rat can be fully white or fully gray. Also, a lighter shade of tan brown or off-white can be the color of the belly. These rats have pointed nose and the ears are big enough to cover the eyes.
Rice Rat (Oryzomys)
These rats are very prominent for their nearly hairless tails, their capability to swim. Also, they are very similar to the house rats. This species can be mostly found around water.
Coues’s Rat (Oryzomys couesi)
These breeds of rat are around 5 to 5.5 inches of length. The tail is of the same length as that of the body. The back of the rat is grizzled brown in color. The color of the sides of the rat is a blend of yellow and brown. The belly of the rat is a pale orange or even beige color. The body of the rat is almost naked and this kind of rats is mostly found in Texas.
Marsh Rice Rat (Oryzomys palustris)
The body of this species of the rats is 4 to 4.75 inches long. They can be spotted mostly around New Jersey, Missouri as well as Southern Texas. The sides of the rat are of a tawny or yellow -brown in color. The nearly naked, bicolored body has a tail of the same length of the body.
Cotton Rats ( Sigmodon)
They are chunky in structure, have round noses and have short tails. These rats are highly fond of the grasslands and they remain very active throughout the day.
Hispid Cotton Rat ( Sigmodon hispidus)
These rats are most commonly seen in Arizona, California or even south-eastern US. These rats have a grayish-white belly and they tails which have faintly bicolored tail and it is shorter in length than the body of the rat.
According to the Rat and Mouse Club of America, there are different kinds of rats and the classification shows that there are about 8 kinds of rats:
- Standard: The standard rat possesses short as well as sleek, furry hair which has a glossy finish.
- Hairless: This kind of rat is bald with pink well as thin skin which is nearly translucent. The hairlessness of the rats is a result of the genetic mutation. Many are of the opinion that these rats become more prone to cold as well as injury due to the lack of fur.
- Dumbo: This kind of rats can be identified by the size as well as the size of its ears. The ears of the rats are bigger and more rounded than that of the other kinds of rats. The shapes of the rat’s ears are somewhat like that of rose petals and they are placed in a lower position on the side of their heads. The coat of the rats’ bodies can vary in color.
- Tailless: These rats are also called the Manx rats. These rats have just the hunt of a small, furry stub in the place where the tail should have been. According to the National Fancy Rat Society, the tail is the component which assists a rat in regulating its body heat and also it is taken to be of utmost importance for its robust health.
- Rex: Curly coat and whiskers are the specialties of this kind of rats. The coat is dense and soft in texture. It can be of various colors and lacks the guard hairs which have the capacity to make the rat fur coarse.
- Satin: Shiny and silky coat along with curly whiskers are the characteristic features of this rat. A metallic sheen can be seen on the coats of the rats.
- Marked: These kinds of rats have two colors on their furs which form patterns. There are around 11 marker varieties of rats.
- AOV: This is basically the short form of Any Other Varieties of fancy rats which include topaz, cinnamon pearl as well as lilac agouti and silver fawn.
As you can see, rats come in a number of varieties and colors! Keep in mind that you must find the top rated rat trap for your local rats to ensure maximum success.