Rodents thrive where humans live and they have plagued humankind for centuries. The most notable times were during the dark ages. During this time, the rodents helped in the spread of the worst pandemics that have ever hit humans. This was the black plague. The disease ravaged the continent of Europe and wiped a considerable number of the population in a few years. Today, such pandemics have become quite uncommon, but there are still many other parasites and diseases that rodents can spread and they should be considered a health risk. The rodents can also cause a great deal of property damage.
The best thing about the modern world is the fact that there have been great strides in pest control techniques that can be applied. This makes it possible to manage the diseases and the damage that the pests can cause.
Keeping mice out
Techniques and methods of rat elimination have been well developed over the years and therefore all of us can utilize them with the greatest efficiency. There are methods of elimination that are very humane which are for persons that have got that soft spot for the rodents. The humane methods are also the most ideal for people not willing to use harmful methods like use of mouse traps and poison because other residents in the household can be hurt in the process.
Rats and health risks
Over 190 million people have been affected by parasites and diseases that came from rats. Even though they aren’t a major health risk on a day to day basis, there is a need for rat extermination. The potential risks of parasite and disease transmission is actually very much alive. Rodents have always been a great vehicle when it comes to the spread of diseases in a rapid way.
Presently, rats can still be able to hitch rides in airplanes, buses, cars and so on and this is how they get introduced into new areas without so much of a struggle. When rats infiltrate your home, they bring some unseen and unwelcome guests with them. This includes pathogens and parasites.
The parasites that you can get from rats include ticks and mites and these carry lethal and dangerous pathogens. Bacteria and germs can also be transmitted as they are present in their feces and urine. They produced these and deposits them all over the household. This is not a very safe thing, especially in households where there are pets and children around.
When compared to humans, rodents produce much more urine and fecal matter deposits in a day. This excrement can be found in all parts of the home, including the floors and cupboards.
The blood and saliva of the rat can also harbor very harmful pathogens. The hair are shed very frequently and can also transmit different diseases. Seeing hair can be much harder than the urine and feces, which makes it even more dangerous.
When there is adequate food band water supply, then the rat populations grow quite rapidly. The chances of diseases get even higher with larger populations.
Rat proofing the home
Now that we are aware of the potential risks that are associated with the rats, we know just how important it is to rat proof the home and make sure that rats stay out.
Even when you feel there are no rats in the home, it is still important to take measures to make it remain that way. Clear all sources of food and secure canisters for keeping pet food. All uneaten food should be eliminated from the home. This includes fallen fruits in the garden.
Clean the garden to reduce rat breeding area and secure all bins to eliminate garbage as a food source. They can breed here too.
If you are already dealing with a rat population, consider the following.
This is a very common extermination method. Setting the trap well means a greater success rate. If you have children and pets in the house, this may not be your ideal selection since they can get hurt in the process. They can also be trapped and there are also other concerns regarding sanitation and the disposal of the dead rodent. The traps should be set in such a way that it doesn’t cause unnecessary agony to the rat.
There are different kinds of traps and they include the glue trap that has strong adhesive on it. Rats can get caught as they scurry along the floor and they stick there. There are some glue traps that can be able it captures more than just one rat and this makes them cost effective. There are also the rat snap traps that kill the rat instantly. Other traps include the live rap that you can use to relocate the rats to another area where they won’t interfere with humans.
This is a hazardous option that some experts still recommend. The main issue with rat poison is the possibility of hurting other people that are within the same space especially children and pets. Poison doesn’t kill immediately and the rats can crawl into your walls and other hard to reach areas and die there causing a stench as they rot. You may need a lot of things to eliminate the carcass and this can become more expensive than you would have expected.
Usually, the most sensible thing to do when you are dealing with a rat infestation is to hire a professional exterminator who will do all the work for you. It is usually cheaper in every sense of the word. Hiring a professional can eliminate your worry and help you in achieving fast results.
The exterminators usually take time to understand the problem at hand so as to know how best to handle it. The house is then examined and all entry points and runs examined carefully. Once the infestation is identified and rodent identified, all entry holes are sealed. Spray may be used to kill the rats or they can set traps. This will mainly depend on the extent of the infestation. A follow up visit is usually scheduled to ensure that the removal was successful.